The Amistad Research Center is pleased to announce new online finding aids for the personal papers of two African American leaders who served in Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidential administration: Edward R. Dudley (1911-2005) and E. Frederic Morrow (1909-1996).
|Edward R. Dudley|
The papers of Edward R. Dudley consist mainly of correspondence prior to 1954 documenting his experiences as legal counsel to the Governors of the United States Virgin Islands, Morris F. De Castro (1945-1946) and William H. Hastie (1946-1947), and as the American Ambassador to Liberia (1948-1953). The collection also includes many speeches given by Dudley in his role as the Ambassador to Liberia, as well as his time as the elected Borough President of Manhattan. Notable correspondents found within the papers include civil rights leader Mary McLeod Bethune, Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche, and U.S. Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman, as well as Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshal and NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White.
|E. Frederic Morrow delivering|
a tribute speech to Dwight
Eisenhower at the 1960
Republican National Convention.
After service in the U.S. Army and a position as a public affairs writer for Columbia Broadcasting Company (CBS), Morrow joined Eisenhower's presidential campaign in 1952 as a personal advisor and administrative assistant. After Eisenhower's election, Morrow was appointed as an advisor to Business Affairs in the Department of Commerce, a post he held until 1955. Morrow began serving as Administrative Officer for Special Projects in July 1955. After his service to the White House, Morrow wrote an account of his experience entitled the Black Man in the White House, published in 1963.
The E. Frederic Morrow papers encompass 5.0 linear feet of correspondence, autobiographical manuscript drafts, photographs, and speeches that are mainly professional in nature related to Morrow's work in the Eisenhower administration. The correspondence is notable for descriptions about the administration's lack of action and attention to the poor living conditions for minorities in Mississippi, as well as the continued physical abuse of African Americans during the 1950s. Notable correspondents include President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Liberian President William Tubman, and Vice-President Richard Nixon. The letters dating post-1970 mainly pertain to Morrow's autobiographical writings, publishing efforts, and speaking engagements.
The Amistad Research Center is pleased to include these two collections in our online finding aid database and expect renewed interest in the lives and careers of Edward R. Dudley and E. Frederic Morrow as a result of the increased global access to their personal papers.
Posted by Christopher Harter
(Images from the Edward R. Dudley Papers and the E. Frederic Morrow Papers. May not be reproduced without permission.)